Feeding milk through a bucket without a teat may meet the nutritional needs of a calf, but it does not allow the calf to satisfy the innate motivation to suckle.
When calves suckle from the cow, they spend +/- 60 minutes a day on it.
Calves that have to drink milk from a bucket without a teat are "ready" in just 6 minutes ...
The optimal comfort zone for a calf is at an ambient temperature of 15 ° C. If the calf is not dry, the calf will get cold and will burn more energy to keep itself warm.
In addition to vitality, this also costs growth and increases the risk of stress and respiratory diseases.
The effect of heat stress, and whether this problem on the farm is under control, can be clearly seen in the newborn calves. The effects of heat stress on dry cows can still be observed up to 7 weeks after such a warm period.