Or rather "fireworks and animals".
Unexpected flashes and bangs can cause stress and panic in animals.
Reason enough to pay attention to this, I limit myself today to cattle and other herd animals.
Fireworks can produce up to 180 decibels (dB) of noise. That is 40 dB above the pain threshold.
In comparison, an airliner taking off produces 125 dB (measured at a distance of 100 meters).
Bovine hearing has a frequency range of 23 - 35000 Hz.
Human hearing has a frequency range of 20 - 20000 Hz.
In terms of brightness adaptation, a bovine eye adapts 5 times slower than a human eye.
Add to this the fact that cattle do not know that we celebrate New Year's Eve, for example, and stress with light and sound is a fact.
Below are some useful and practical tips, based on years of own practical experience:
1. Keep the animals in the stable or indoors when there are fireworks,
2. on New Year's Eve, turn on the light in the barn about half an hour before midnight so that the animals are not bothered by the flashes of light,
3. close the barn door if necessary,
4. feed the animals shortly before midnight!
This works very effectively because cattle and other herd animals can only focus and concentrate on one thing at a time, in this case it is on food. Food deprives the animals of the feeling of stress.
5. About half an hour after most of the fireworks have been set off and it is quiet again, the lights can be turned off and the stable door opened.